People Here Are Called: Boholanos
Known for: Tarsier --the smallest primate in the world. It is a nocturnal primate measuring from four to five inches, with a tail that is longer than its body. Chocolate Hills, lush greenery, heritage churches, Panglao Island
Top Landmarks and Tourist Spots:
Chocolate Hills, all of 1,268 perfectly cone-shaped hills, are undoubtedly the most famous tourist attraction in the province.
16th century watchtowers and Jesuit Baroque mission churches
Panglao Island, always cited as one of the best diving sites
Major Crops: Rice, coconut, and corn
Major Industries: Farming, tourism
Tourism Assets: Chocolate Hills, tarsier,
Bohol’s historical significance extends way back to the Blood Compact between Boholano Chieftain Sikatuna and the Spanish conquistador Miguel Lopez de Legaspi in 1565.
When the Spanish missionaries started to spread the Catholic faith, not all were pleased. Several revolts ensued. One was led by Tamblot, a native priest or babaylan, another by Francisco Sendrijas aka Dagohoy, which lasted for 89 years. When Dagohoy was killed in a battle, his followers continued their fight until the colonizers prevailed.
In 1899, Spanish came to an end. But a year after that, the Americans came. Led by Col. Pedro Samson, the Boholanos resisted and bloody battles ensued. It was only in December 1900 when the patriots surrendered and signed a peace treaty.
Bohol was proclaimed a province on 17 March 1917.
On 17 May 1942, Japanese forces landed in Tagbilaran. The Boholanos again stood up to defend their freedom. Soldiers and civilians organized a guerilla style war against the Japanese oppression. After 3 years, the American forces returned to Bohol and were welcomed as liberators.