Caloocan used to be a barrio of Tondo, Bonifacio’s hometown until it became a municipality in 1815. Brave men and women of Caloocan actively participated in the revolution in 1896 until the Spaniards were finally ousted at the siege of Intramuros in Manila two years after.
The people of Caloocan continued to join fellow Filipinos to fight the American invaders, who occupied the country after Spain sold the Philippines to the United States government. The city saw heavy fighting in the Philippine–American War, in 1899 at the Battle of Caloocan and the Second Battle of Caloocan. With the rift between President Emilio Aguinaldo’s men and General Antonio Luna, the Filipino forces lost the battle that year.
Under the American regime in 1901, Caloocan became one of the towns of the province of Rizal until 1975. Between those years, some neighboring barrios and towns were annexed and then removed from Caloocan.
In 1961, the historic town became a city when President Diosdado Macapagal signed RA 3278 declaring Caloocan as a city. During the formation of the province of Rizal, Caloocan was included in its matrix until 1975.
Caloocan known as Motorcycle Capital of the Philippines because of the many motorcycle dealers in the City. It was also known for its Monumento/Monuments. It has 188 no. of barangay in this city and it's tourist assets was their historical past.
Top Landmarks & Tourist Spots
The main landmark of Caloocan City is the Bonifacio Monument. Located at the heart of the rotunda in the City, it is a fitting tribute the Great Plebeian Andres Bonifacio, who founded and led the revolutionary group Katipunan.
Horace Higgins Hall – Philippine National Railways
The Horace Higgins Hall – Philippine National Railways at the corner of M. Hizon and C. Apostol Streets is remarkable landmark with interesting architectural details. It used to be a warehouse and the venue of the first train trip on November 22, 1892. Engr. Horace L. Higgins was the General Manager of the London-based Manila Railway Company which became the Manila Railroad Company under the American period.
Tala Leprosarium or Dr. Jose N. Rodriguez Memorial Hospital
Caloocan is also home to the oldest leprosarium in Asia, the Tala Leprosarium now known as Dr. Jose N. Rodriguez Memorial Hospital, founded in 1940.
Thai To Taoist Temple Pagoda
The hundred-year old Thai To Taoist Temple Pagoda is a special landmark, evidence of the thriving Chinese community in the city. The first settlers of Caloocan were Indians and Chinese.
San Roque Cathedral
San Roque Cathedral, located near the intersection of 10th Avenue and A. Mabini Street, was founded in 1815.