A form of indigenous political structure flourished in the island preceding the coming of the Spaniards, wherein the natives had their non-formal form of government, an alphabet, and a system of trading with sea-borne merchants.
When the Spaniards came in the 16th century, the northern portion of the province was identified as the Calamianes while its southern portion remained part of the Sultanate of Sulu. The Spaniards built Fort Santa Isabel in Taytay and designated it as capital of Calamianes in 1818.
The province of Paragua was established in 1902, with Cuyo as its capital during the American colonial years. It was later changed to Palawan and its capital moved to Puerto Princesa in 1905 by virtue of RA 1363.
Rice, corn, and coconut
Farming, fishing, and tourism
Top Landmarks and Tourist Spots
El Nido Marine Reserve in Miniloc, occupying an area of 96,000 hectares, is a popular nature spot in the province boasting of diverse ecosystems, such as rainforests, mangroves, white sand beaches, coral reefs, limestone reefs and a variety of fishes, like the manta ray and the sea cow. Also known as dugong, the sea cow is the world's rarest marine mammal.
Honda Bay, which consists of several islets with shallow reefs, bordering fabulous beaches and small resorts which have become the favorite water sports destination, is found in Sta. Lourdes Tagbanua, Puerto Princesa City.
Kayangan Lake in Coron
Ursula Island Game Refuge and Bird Sanctuary found in Rio Tuba Village, Bataraza is a haven for birds that rest and converge two hours before sunset after a day's flight.
14-km beach of San Vicente